A Simple Tree Problem

Time Limit: Java: 3000 ms / Others: 3000 ms

Memory Limit: Java: 65536 KB / Others: 65536 KB

Description

Given a rooted tree, each node has a boolean (0 or 1) labeled on it. Initially, all the labels are 0.

We define this kind of operation: given a subtree, negate all its labels.

And we want to query the numbers of 1's of a subtree.

Input

Multiple test cases.

First line, two integer N and M, denoting the numbers of nodes and numbers of operations and queries.(1<=N<=100000, 1<=M<=10000)

Then a line with N-1 integers, denoting the parent of node 2..N. Root is node 1.

Then M lines, each line are in the format "o node" or "q node", denoting we want to operate or query on the subtree with root of a certain node.

Output

For each query, output an integer in a line.

Output a blank line after each test case.

Sample Input

3 2
1 1
o 2
q 1

Sample Output

1

Hint

None

Source

ZOJ Monthly, March 2013

提交代码