Given a N × N matrix A, whose element in the i-th row and j-th column Aij is an number that equals i2 + 100000 × i + j2 - 100000 × j + i × j, you are to find the M-th smallest element in the matrix.
The first line of input is the number of test case.
For each test case there is only one line contains two integers, N(1 ≤ N ≤ 50,000) and M(1 ≤ M ≤ N × N). There is a blank line before each test case.
For each test case output the answer on a single line.