# Moo Volume

Time Limit: 1000MS

Memory Limit: 65536K

## Description

Farmer John has received a noise complaint from his neighbor, Farmer Bob, stating that his cows are making too much noise.
FJ's N cows (1 <= N <= 10,000) all graze at various locations on a long one-dimensional pasture. The cows are very chatty animals. Every pair of cows simultaneously carries on a conversation (so every cow is simultaneously MOOing at all of the N-1 other cows). When cow i MOOs at cow j, the volume of this MOO must be equal to the distance between i and j, in order for j to be able to hear the MOO at all. Please help FJ compute the total volume of sound being generated by all N*(N-1) simultaneous MOOing sessions.

## Output

There are five cows at locations 1, 5, 3, 2, and 4.

## Hint

INPUT DETAILS:

There are five cows at locations 1, 5, 3, 2, and 4.

OUTPUT DETAILS:

Cow at 1 contributes 1+2+3+4=10, cow at 5 contributes 4+3+2+1=10, cow at 3 contributes 2+1+1+2=6, cow at 2 contributes 1+1+2+3=7, and cow at 4 contributes 3+2+1+1=7. The total volume is (10+10+6+7+7) = 40.

## Source

USACO 2005 January Silver