Relic Discovery

Time Limit: 2000/1000 MS (Java/Others)

Memory Limit: 65536/65536 K (Java/Others)

Description

Recently, paleoanthropologists have found historical remains on an island in the Atlantic Ocean. The most inspiring thing is that they excavated in a magnificent cave and found that it was a huge tomb. Inside the construction,researchers identified a large number of skeletons, and funeral objects including stone axe, livestock bones and murals. Now, all items have been sorted, and they can be divided into N types. After they were checked attentively, you are told that there are $A_i$ items of the i-th type. Further more, each item of the i-th type requires $B_i$ million dollars for transportation, analysis, and preservation averagely. As your job, you need to calculate the total expenditure.

Input

The first line of input contains an integer T which is the number of test cases. For each test case, the first line contains an integer N which is the number of types. In the next N lines, the i-th line contains two numbers $A_i$ and $B_i$ as described above. All numbers are positive integers and less than 101.

Output

For each case, output one integer, the total expenditure in million dollars.

Sample Input

1 2 1 2 3 4

Sample Output

14

Hint

jiangzijing2015

Source

2016ACM/ICPC亚洲区青岛站-重现赛(感谢中国石油大学)

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