Black And White

Time Limit: 2000/2000 MS (Java/Others)

Memory Limit: 512000/512000 K (Java/Others)

Description

In mathematics, the four color theorem, or the four color map theorem, states that, given any separation of a plane into contiguous regions, producing a figure called a map, no more than four colors are required to color the regions of the map so that no two adjacent regions have the same color.
— Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In this problem, you have to solve the 4-color problem. Hey, I’m just joking.

You are asked to solve a similar problem:

Color an N × M chessboard with K colors numbered from 1 to K such that no two adjacent cells have the same color (two cells are adjacent if they share an edge). The i-th color should be used in exactly ci cells.

Matt hopes you can tell him a possible coloring.

Input

The first line contains only one integer T (1 ≤ T ≤ 5000), which indicates the number of test cases.

For each test case, the first line contains three integers: N, M, K (0 < N, M ≤ 5, 0 < K ≤ N × M ).

The second line contains K integers ci (ci > 0), denoting the number of cells where the i-th color should be used.

It’s guaranteed that c1 + c2 + · · · + cK = N × M .

Output

For each test case, the first line contains “Case #x:”, where x is the case number (starting from 1).

In the second line, output “NO” if there is no coloring satisfying the requirements. Otherwise, output “YES” in one line. Each of the following N lines contains M numbers seperated by single whitespace, denoting the color of the cells.

If there are multiple solutions, output any of them.

Sample Input

4 1 5 2 4 1 3 3 4 1 2 2 4 2 3 3 2 2 2 3 2 3 2 2 2

Sample Output

Case #1: NO Case #2: YES 4 3 4 2 1 2 4 3 4 Case #3: YES 1 2 3 2 3 1 Case #4: YES 1 2 2 3 3 1

Hint

liuyiding

Source

2014ACM/ICPC亚洲区北京站-重现赛(感谢北师和上交)

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