1. It is a Strongly Connected graph.

2. Each edge of the graph belongs to a circle and only belongs to one circle.

We call this graph as CACTUS.

There is an example as the figure above. The left one is a cactus, but the right one isn’t. Because the edge (0, 1) in the right graph belongs to two circles as (0, 1, 3) and (0, 1, 2, 3).

2. Each edge of the graph belongs to a circle and only belongs to one circle.

We call this graph as CACTUS.

There is an example as the figure above. The left one is a cactus, but the right one isn’t. Because the edge (0, 1) in the right graph belongs to two circles as (0, 1, 3) and (0, 1, 2, 3).

The input consists of several test cases. The first line contains an integer T (1<=T<=10), representing the number of test cases.

For each case, the first line contains a integer n (1<=n<=20000), representing the number of points.

The following lines, each line has two numbers a and b, representing a single-way edge (a->b). Each case ends with (0 0).

Notice: The total number of edges does not exceed 50000.

For each case, the first line contains a integer n (1<=n<=20000), representing the number of points.

The following lines, each line has two numbers a and b, representing a single-way edge (a->b). Each case ends with (0 0).

Notice: The total number of edges does not exceed 50000.

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