Marriage Match III

Time Limit: 10000/4000 MS (Java/Others)

Memory Limit: 32768/32768 K (Java/Others)

Description

Presumably, you all have known the question of stable marriage match. A girl will choose a boy; it is similar as the ever game of play-house . What a happy time as so many friends play together. And it is normal that a fight or a quarrel breaks out, but we will still play together after that, because we are kids.

Now, there are 2n kids, n boys numbered from 1 to n, and n girls numbered from 1 to n. As you know, ladies first. So, every girl can choose a boy first, with whom she has not quarreled, to make up a family. Besides, the girl X can also choose boy Z to be her boyfriend when her friend, girl Y has not quarreled with him. Furthermore, the friendship is mutual, which means a and c are friends provided that a and b are friends and b and c are friend.

Once every girl finds their boyfriends they will start a new round of this game—marriage match. At the end of each round, every girl will start to find a new boyfriend, who she has not chosen before. So the game goes on and on. On the other hand, in order to play more times of marriage match, every girl can accept any K boys. If a girl chooses a boy, the boy must accept her unconditionally whether they had quarreled before or not.

Now, here is the question for you, how many rounds can these 2n kids totally play this game?

Input

There are several test cases. First is an integer T, means the number of test cases.
Each test case starts with three integer n, m, K and f in a line (3<=n<=250, 0<m<n*n, 0<=f<n). n means there are 2*n children, n girls(number from 1 to n) and n boys(number from 1 to n).
Then m lines follow. Each line contains two numbers a and b, means girl a and boy b had never quarreled with each other.
Then f lines follow. Each line contains two numbers c and d, means girl c and girl d are good friends.

Output

For each case, output a number in one line. The maximal number of Marriage Match the children can play.

Sample Input

1 4 5 1 2 1 1 2 3 3 2 4 2 4 4 1 4 2 3

Sample Output

3

Hint

chenheng

Source

HDOJ Monthly Contest – 2010.01.02

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